Looking for Cloud Services or Professional Support? Check restheart.com

Edit Page

RESTHeart Greetings Services Tutorial

This tutorial introduces two straightforward web services from the RESTHeart examples collection: textGreeter and jsonGreeter. These services generate greeting messages in different formats: textGreeter delivers messages in text/plain format, while jsonGreeter uses application/json.

This plugin serves as an example of how to create services in RESTHeart by implementing various specialized Service interfaces, such as JsonService and ByteArrayService. It demonstrates handling requests and responses, retrieving query parameters, and setting the Content-Type header.

Explore Comprehensive RESTHeart Examples! If you’re looking to dive deeper into developing with RESTHeart, visit the RESTHeart examples to discover a rich collection of use cases and code samples. Highly recommended for an in-depth learning experience!

What you need

To run this tutorial, the following are required:

1) Java 17: Install it using sdkman

$ sdk install java 17.0.9-tem

2) Docker: Necessary for running RESTHeart.

3) HTTPie: A command-line HTTP client for testing, available at httpie.io/cli

The examples use Maven, but it’s accessible through the included Maven wrapper (mvnw), so a separate installation is not required.

Building the Plugin

To build the plugin, run the following commands:

$ git clone --depth 1 git@github.com:SoftInstigate/restheart.git # clone restheart repo
$ cd examples/greeter-service # cd into the greeter-service example project root
$ ../mvnw clean package build the project

Running RESTHeart with the Plugin

This plugin doesn’t require MongoDB, so you can run RESTHeart in standalone mode using the -s option.

Use Docker to start RESTHeart with the plugin:

$ docker run --rm -p 8080:8080 -e RHO="/fileRealmAuthenticator/users[userid='admin']/password->'secret';/http-listener/host->''" -v ./target:/opt/restheart/plugins/custom softinstigate/restheart:latest -s

For more information, see RESTHeart with custom Plugin documentation.

Testing the Service

You can test the service with the following HTTP requests:

GET request, no query parameter

$ http -b :8080/textGreeter
Hello, World

GET request, with name query parameter

$ http -b :8080/textGreeter?name=Andrea
Hello, Andrea

POST request, with content body

$ http --raw 'Sara' :8080/textGreeter
Hello, Sara

Note: Using HTTP verbs other than OPTIONS, GET, or POST for /textGreeter will result in a HTTP 405 Method Not Allowed response.

Plugin Code Description

Below is the code of the TextGreeterService class that implements the Web Service /textGreeter:

        name = "textGreeter",
        description = "just another text/plain Hello World")
public class TextGreeterService implements ByteArrayService {
    public void handle(ByteArrayRequest req, ByteArrayResponse res) {
        res.setContentType("text/plain; charset=utf-8");

        switch (req.getMethod()) {
            case OPTIONS -> handleOptions(req);

            case GET -> {
                var name = req.getQueryParameters().get("name");
                res.setContent("Hello, " + (name == null ? "Anonymous" : name.getFirst()));

            case POST -> {
                var content = req.getContent();
                res.setContent("Hello, " + (content == null ? "Anonymous" : new String(content)));

            default -> res.setStatusCode(HttpStatus.SC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED);

The Java class TextGreeterService is defined as a plugin for a RESTful service, as indicated by the @RegisterPlugin annotation. This class is an implementation of the ByteArrayService interface. Let’s break down its structure and functionality:

  1. Annotation - @RegisterPlugin:

    • This annotation is used to register the class as a RESTHeart plugin.

    • It has two parameters:

      • name: the identifier for this service. The endpoint defaults to /textGreeter since it is not explicitly defined by the annotation parameter defaultURI.

      • description: provides a brief description of what this service does.

  2. Class Declaration:

    • public class TextGreeterService implements ByteArrayService: this indicates that TextGreeterService is a public class implementing the ByteArrayService interface.

  3. Method - handle(ByteArrayRequest req, ByteArrayResponse res):

    • This method is an override from the ByteArrayService interface.

    • It takes two parameters: a ByteArrayRequest (named req) and a ByteArrayResponse (named res).

  4. Setting the Content-Type:

    • res.setContentType("text/plain; charset=utf-8"):

    • This line sets the content type of the response to text/plain with UTF-8 charset, indicating that the response will be plain text.

  5. Handling Different HTTP Methods:

    • The service uses a switch statement to handle different HTTP request methods.

    • For each case, there’s a different way to handle the request:

      • OPTIONS: Calls a method handleOptions(req), an inherited convenient method that handles it for you providing CORS support.

      • GET: Retrieves a query parameter name from the request. If name is not provided, it defaults to World. The response content is set to "Hello, [name]".

      • POST: Gets the content of the request. If no content is provided, it defaults to World. The response is similar to the GET method, greeting the content of the request. *For any other HTTP method, the service sets the response status code to HttpStatus.SC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED, indicating that the method is not supported.

In summary, TextGreeterService is a RESTHeart service plugin designed to respond with a simple text greeting. It handles GET and POST requests differently based on the input it receives (either through query parameters or request body) and defaults to greeting "World" if no specific input is provided. It also handles OPTIONS requests and rejects unsupported methods.